Hope Lewis

Document Type



This essay, written during a time of Clinton-era welfare reform, was an attempt to reimagine South-North roles. What if "right to development" analysis were applied to poor women of color living in the United States? Some see the right to development as an anachronism in the face of the apparent globalization of market-based economic development. However, "development" in the narrow form of a thriving industrial sector, reliable infrastructure, and steady economic growth, remains beyond the reach of many nations - particularly the poorest African nations. More important, the broader goals of human development - access to basic needs and an improved quality of life - are denied to millions of people within "developed" nations as well.

Date of Authorship for this Version



Black Women, Poor women, Social rights, Human rights, women of color, Black, United States, development, discrimination, women's rights, feminist, Third World, African-Americans, United Nations, UN, Universal Declaration on Human Rights, Keba M'Baye, International Bill of Rights, Declaration on the Right to Development, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, International Covenant on Human Rights, Women-in-Development, WID, Gender and Development, GAD, World Summit on Microcredit, Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era, DAWN, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, Cooperative Economics for Women, CEW, Human Rights Law, Women

Original Citation

Originally published in Law & Policy, v.18 no.3&4, July/Oct. (1996), pp.281-313.