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Building on Nicholas Negroponte’s now famous dichotomy, one can say that trade law was designed for the world of atoms but now undeniably has to deal with the digital world. One aspect of the relationship between trade law and electronic commerce is consumer protection. These remarks examine how consumer interests are affected by cross-border e-commerce, the ways in which trade law protects or hinders these interests, and the venues outside of trade law that may be better hosts for consumer protection laws.

Date of Authorship for this Version



electronic commerce, consumer protection

Original Citation

Sonia E. Rolland, Atoms Versus Bits: Consumer Protection in the (Cyber) Trade Regime, ASIL-ILA Annual Meeting (2014).

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