Document Type



Objectives: Given links between policing environment and infectious disease risk among vulnerable groups, we surveyed female sex workers who inject drugs in Tijuana and Ciudad (Cd.) Juarez. Data were used to 1. compare distributions of human rights violations and disease risk, 2. juxtapose these patterns against demographic and structural environment variables, and 3. formulate implications for structural interventions.

Date of Authorship for this Version



Human rights, Prostitutes, Intravenous drug abusers, Communicable diseases, border conflicts, female sex workers, injection drug users, conflict, structural environment, gender violence, HIV, infectious disease, Legal Studies, Public Health

Original Citation

Originally published in Revista Panamericana de Salud P├║blica/Pan American Journal of Public Health (RPSP/PAJPH), Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 403-410, 2012.