Roger I. Abrams

Document Type



Participants in the collective bargaining process view the successful negotiation of an agreement as the welcome end to what may have been an unpleasant ordeal. More often than not, however, in order to reach agreement, the participants have based their agreement on vague promises offered in the heat of negotiations. Thus, the collective agreement may be only the beginning of more problems once later disputes reveal its inadequacies. Professor Abrams observes that collective bargaining is not a finite but a continuing process. In recognition of this, he offers several guideposts that negotiators should heed to ensure that the agreements they reach are complete, embody the intent of the parties, and will serve as an adequate reference for resolving future disputes.

Date of Authorship for this Version



labor law, collective bargaining, Law

Original Citation

Originally published in Case Western Reserve Law Review, Vol. 29, pp. 428-449, 1979., This comment is based upon an address to the Cleveland labor Conference on September 22, 1978.